This is an engraving of Pandora trying to close the box that she had opened out of curiosity. At left, the evils of the world taunt her as they escape. The engraving is based on a painting by F. S. Church.
In Greek mythology, the character Pandora had a large box. It contained all the troubles of the world. When she opened the box, she let all the troubles come into the world except one – hope. The Greeks thought that hope was also very dangerous. But without hope, people were filled with despair. Finally Pandora opened the box again and let out hope as well.
~ Kate Chopin