Posts Tagged ‘Aeronáutica y Espacio’

Vintage: Air France, Concorde

For more than six years- since the signing of a cooperation agreement on 29 November 1962 – the Franco-British supersonic aircraft programme had fascinated the entire world. The design and construction had been successfully carried out by Sud-Aviation and British Aircraft Corporation. That of the jet engines by Rolls-Royce and Snecma. Among other headaches, the challenge of overheating structures at supersonic speeds had to be dealt with and they had overcome it.

001 was presented to the world in late 1967, at which point testing could be accelerated, overseen in Toulouse by chief test pilot André Turcat – then in-flight test director at Sud-Aviation -, who was naturally chosen to pilot 001. Alongside him was an elite crew comprising co-pilot Jacques Guignard, navigator-engineer Henri Perrier and Michel Rétif, the chief flight engineer.

At 3:40pm, the aircraft began its run, its four afterburners sending it roaring up into the skies above Toulouse, flying a wide loop escorted by a Gloster Meteor which transmitted live TV images of the aircraft in flight. After 28 minutes in the air, Concorde touched down before the cheering crowds, with a smiling André Turcat telling the press, in his characteristic understated manner that “the aircraft flies well”.

Concorde – figures and facts

– “Concord” or “Concorde”? The word means “agreement” in French and English. In 1967, British Secretary of State for Technology, Tony Benn, decided that Concorde would take a final “E”, which stood for “Excellence”, “England”, “Europe” and “Entente cordiale”!

– January 21, 1976 – first commercial flight between Paris and Rio de Janeiro via Dakar.
May 31, 2003 – last commercial flight between New York and Paris.

– June 30 1973 – chief test pilot André Turcat, followed the total solar eclipse at the controls of the F-BFVA (Concorde 001 – first serial aircraft delivered to Air France in 1976).

– In his book about the supersonic aircraft, André Turcat emphasized that “the housewife’s Teflon frying pan, fiberglass offshore rig bearings, machine tools or pleasure boats, push bars and connecting rods in the automotive industry have widely benefitted from the Concorde’s technical advances”.

– 1976 – to celebrate the supersonic jet’s arrival, the design of a new uniform – intended for the Concorde stewardesses – was entrusted to the Jean Patou fashion design house.

– Concorde is synonymous with style and prestige. No fewer than three prestigious designers took it in turns to design the cabin’s interior – Raymond Loewy, Pierre Gautier-Delaye and Andrée Putman. The CDG lounge seats were designed by Le Corbusier and the in-flight tableware was signed by Christofle.

– In the collective memory, Concorde connected Paris New York in 3 hours 45 minutes. But Concorde also flew to Havana, Rio de Janeiro, Dakar, Caracas, Mexico, Washington, Dallas, to name but a few.

– In 1992, Air France carried the Olympic flame between Greece and France, by Concorde! The flame thus broke a record by maintaining the speed of 600m/second between Athens and Greece for 55 minutes. Enclosed in a container, the flame was kept alight by a special fuel designed by Air France to avoid any risk of accident.

– Concorde’s father, Lucien Servanty, died in Toulouse in 1973 at the age of 64 without having ever flown aboard this plane.

– The Concorde in a few figures:

Capacity: 100 passengers
Length inside the cabin: 2.63 metres
Speed: 2,200 km/h, i.e. twice the speed of sound (Mach 2.02)
Total length: 62.19 metres
Wingspan: 25.56 metres
Wing surface: 358.25 sq. m
Empty weight: 79.265 tonnes
Cruising altitude: 16,000 to 18,000 m
Noise level on take-off: 119.4 décibels
Consumption per passenger: estimated at between 14 and 17 litres per 100 kilometres flown (four times higher than a current passenger aircraft – 4 litres/100 km on average -)
Air France flight hours: 90,087
Air France landings: 33,183
Number of passengers carried by Air France: 1,414292

Text: corporate.airfrance.com

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Pan American World Airways, originally founded as Pan American Airways[1] and commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier and unofficial flag carrier of the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991. It was founded in 1927 as a scheduled airmail and passenger service operating between Key West, Florida, and Havana, Cuba.

The airline is credited for many innovations that shaped the international airline industry, including the widespread use of jet aircraft, jumbo jets, and computerized reservation systems.[2] It was also a founding member of the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the global airline industry association.[3]

More info: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan_Am

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Mars Perseverance Rover | NASA: https://www.nasa.gov/perseverance

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After a seven-month-long journey, NASA’s Perseverance Rover successfully touched down on the Red Planet on Feb. 18, 2021. Mission controllers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California celebrate landing NASA’s fifth — and most ambitious — rover on Mars.

A key objective for Perseverance’s mission on Mars is astrobiology, including the search for signs of ancient microbial life. The rover will characterize the planet’s geology and past climate, pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet, and be the first mission to collect and cache Martian rock and regolith.

Also flying with Perseverance is NASA’s Ingenuity helicopter, which will attempt to show controlled, powered flight is possible in the very thin Martian atmosphere.

For more about Perseverance, visit http://mars.nasa.gov/perseverance​ Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

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Shenzen Airlines, Boeing 737-800

Shenzhen Airlines is a Chinese airline based at Bao’an International Airport (SZX) in Shenzhen. Serves over 80 destinations in 12 countries.


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Bullet Cluster Sonification

This image of the Bullet Cluster (officially known as 1E 0657-56) provided the first direct proof of dark matter, the mysterious unseen substance that makes up the vast majority of matter in the Universe. X-rays from Chandra (pink) show where the hot gas in two merging galaxy clusters has been wrenched away from dark matter, seen through a process known as “gravitational lensing” in data from Hubble Space Telescope (blue) and ground-based telescopes. In converting this into sound, the data pan left to right, and each layer of data was limited to a specific frequency range.

Data showing dark matter are represented by the lowest frequencies, while X-rays are assigned to the highest frequencies. The galaxies in the image revealed by Hubble data, many of which are in the cluster, are in mid-range frequencies. Then, within each layer, the pitch is set to increase from the bottom of the image to the top so that objects towards the top produce higher tones. (Credit: NASA/CXC/SAO/K.Arcand, SYSTEM Sounds (M. Russo, A. Santaguida))

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Gulfstream Leadership Looks Forward to 2021

The fifth G700 flight-test aircraft flew in late October, reaching its maximum operating speed of 0.935 Mach on its first flight. Gulfstream Aerospace

“There are a lot of new buyers in the marketplace,” said Mark Burns, president of Gulfstream Aerospace. That observation explains the positive outlook maintained by the leadership team at the business aviation OEM—in spite of a soft second quarter and the ongoing prospects of unease in the economy into 2021. The pandemic has taken—in upsets to the company’s supply chain as well as its own operations as it has navigated the year—but it has also given back in other ways.

Burns noted that the dramatic change in the playing field during 2020 has acted as “an accelerant for new businesses” with their accompanying need to travel, and to meet with customers and suppliers. And enough of these new entrants to the marketplace have turned to business aviation as a solution to start making up for other losses in the corporate aviation world.

More info: flyingmag.com

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We Fly: RV-14A Full Performance

The RV-14A can just about keep up with its larger sibling, the RV-10, despite the differences in horsepower. Van’s Aircraft.

Let’s get this straight from the beginning: The Van’s Aircraft RV-14A is not an off-the-shelf airplane. Every one of them out in the wild is custom-built.

Even its recommended 210 hp Lycoming Thunderbolt XIO-390 engine is hand-assembled, polished and ported by a select team of Lycoming employees. And the “A” denotes a nosewheel version, with the tailwheel model being the RV-14.

Every airplane that has ever been graced by the Van’s moniker is essentially a one-off, again by design.

More info: flyingmag.com

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Tecnam P92 Echo MkII Enters New Era

The sporty P92 Echo handles in a familiar fashion for Cessna 150 pilots. Tecnam/Monica Castellani VFR Aviation.

Change is afoot for the light sport aircraft class as the rules governing it—and its rough equivalents in the EU—adapt to fit the future. One change lies in the EU’s last EASA Basic Regulation for lightweight aircraft, which now allows for 600 kg “ultralight” or UL aircraft (akin to an LSA’s 1,320 lb limit) to certify under each country’s separate civil aviation authority. Germany is the first of the countries under EASA to declare itself part of this “opt-out” and implementing its own technical rules, under LTFUL 2018, and publish the regulations that allow companies to certify aircraft under these rules.

Tecnam announced last week that it had secured the certification of its P92 Echo MkII two-seat airplane under the new German rules, paving the way for use in that country as well as others who recognize the German certification. The MkII version of the P92 updates the original, with an increased cabin volume, wider seats, and better seat adjustment fore and aft. There’s an optional ballistic parachute, and Garmin G3X Touch flight deck with synthetic vision and ground proximity alerts.

According to the company, in non-European countries, the P92 MkII is available in the Ultralight, US Light Sport Aircraft and Experimental categories, whereas the certified version, the P92JS, is available as the European CS-VLA. With a maximum cruise speed of 115 ktas and a Rotax 912 ULS powerplant, the P92 Echo MkII shows well amongst LSAs of the class.

Source: flyingmag.com

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New: Mars In 4K

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VisionAir participants don’t even need to be pilots themselves. Cirrus Aircraft

Cirrus Aircraft’s new VisionAir program plans to make the ownership of a new single-engine Vision Jet a complete turnkey operation designed especially for people who might be new to owning a turbine aircraft, or might not even be pilots. But VisionAir is more than simply covering the tricky parts of aircraft ownership like maintenance and hangar issues. With VisionAir, Cirrus Aircraft promises to take care of all the details, from preparing the aircraft for flight to rolling out the red carpet for passengers and even stocking the owner’s favorite refreshments onboard. Cirrus says it delivered its 200th Vision Jet last month.

More info: flyingmag.com

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The Phenom 300MED is the latest mission-specific iteration of the 300 series. Embraer Executive Jets

In a week of updates for the company, Embraer unveiled a medevac version of the Phenom 300 series—aptly called the Phenom 300MED—on August 4, and it presented its second-quarter financial results on August 5.

Embraer talked to Flying about the proposed medevac model during our flight test of the newest 300E back in March—and the latest announcement brings this effort to fruition. The version had Embraer joining forces with umlaut and Aerolite to develop a series of configurations that allow for use of one or two stretchers, as well as the capability to carry an incubator and additional medical equipment on board. The custom, hospital-grade interior fittings will be installed by Embraer’s Services & Support group. With an aircraft pressurization level that features a 6,600-ft maximum cabin altitude, the 300 series looks to be well-positioned to keep patients more comfortable. The STC will be available for existing Phenom 300s as well.

More info: flyingmag.com

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Daher’s HomeSafe uses an iteration of Garmin’s Autoland system. Daher/Airborne Films

French aircraft maker Daher says new TBM 940s rolling off the assembly line in Tarbes, France, will now be equipped with the HomeSafe system, which allows the aircraft to automatically locate a suitable airport and conduct an instrument approach to a safe landing should the pilot become incapacitated. The new HomeSafe system—that simultaneously received both FAA and EASA certification last week—is an iteration of Garmin’s Autoland emergency landing system. The company says new 940s already delivered this year will be upgraded at TBM service centers. HomeSafe is also available as a retrofit to earlier 940 aircraft at a cost of $85,000.

Daher says, “The system is activated manually by an easily recognizable orange button atop the cockpit instrument panel, or semi-automatically if the Emergency Descent Mode has been engaged. The [HomeSafe] software integrates weather and terrain information to select the best airport for landing taking into account aircraft fuel range and runway length. During the landing rollout, HomeSafe will simultaneously activate the landing gear and brakes and shut down the engine.”

Source: flyingmag.com

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Citation Latitude


Powered by twin Pratt & Whitney PW306D1 FADEC-controlled turbofan engines deliver the Citation Latitude’s impressive performance.


Citation Latitude


A bold distinction of the Black Edition Interior commands attention with a strong, confident flow with handsome espresso toned veneers, luxurious satin black leather, with mesh textured embossing.


Citation Latitude


Citation Latitude

Select Your Personal Touches


Citation Latitude


The Citation Latitude flight deck, centered around Garmin™ G5000™ avionics, is designed to provide pilots with the comfort and information they need for a reliable and efficient flight.

Pilots can take command of the aircraft’s robust navigation, traffic, surveillance and communications systems with ease. In addition, the integrated flight management system provides extensive navigation and flight-planning as well as en route, takeoff and landing performance information.

Citation Latitude


Length 62 ft 3 in (18.97 m)
Height 20 ft 11 in (6.38 m)
Wingspan 72 ft 4 in (22.05 m)
Wing Area 543 sq ft (50.4 sq m)
Wing Sweep 16.3 degrees
Wheelbase 27 ft (8.23 m)
Tread 10 ft (3.05 m)

Cabin Interior

Height 72 in (1.83 m)
Width 77 in (1.96 m)
Length 21 ft 9 in (6.63 m)
Maximum Passengers 9

Baggage Capacity

Weight 1,245 lb (564.7 kg)
Volume 127 cu ft (3.6 cu m)


Maximum Ramp Weight 31,050 lb (14,084 kg)
Maximum Takeoff Weight 30,800 lb (13,971 kg)
Maximum Landing Weight 27,575 lb (12,508 kg)
Maximum Zero Fuel Weight 21,200 lb (9,616 kg)
Usable Fuel Weight 11,394 lb (5,168 kg)
Usable Fuel Volume 1,700 gal (6,435 l)
Basic Operating Weight 18,656 lb (8,462 kg)
Useful Load 12,394 lb (5,622 kg)
Maximum Payload 2,544 lb (1,154 kg)
Full Fuel Payload 1,000 lb (454 kg)


Maximum Cruise Speed 446 ktas (826 km/h)
Maximum Range 2,850 nm (5,278 km)
Takeoff Field Length 3,580 ft (1,091 m)
Landing Distance 2,480 ft (756 m)
Maximum Operating Altitude 45,000 ft (13,716 m)
Maximum Climb Rate N/A
Maximum Limit Speed 0.80 Mach (0.80 Mach)


Manufacturer Pratt & Whitney
Model PW306D1
Thrust 5,907 lb (26.28 kN)


Web: cessna.txtav.com/en/citation/latitude

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Toronto | A350 Landing 4K

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The award-winning all carbon fiber DA50 RG with retractable gear, an extra-large luxurious cabin and excellent payload, powered by a 300hp Continental CD-300 jet fuel engine, will please private pilots and air charter companies alike.

The DA50 RG painted in the winner design of Diamond Aircraft’s Exterior Design Competition from Kirk Smith, Digital Artist and winner of the DA50 Exterior Design Competition.

Spectacular look and easy access through the large gull wing doors and cargo door.

The extra-large luxurious cabin will please pilots and passengers alike.

The DA50 RG comes with a standard installed Garmin G1000 NXi flight deck with standard 3-axis GFC700 Automated Flight Control System (Garmin GCU 476 keypad optional)

With one of the widest, most comfortable cabins in its class, the DA50 RG spoils both pilots and passengers with everything known from the twin-engine DA62: generous front seats with adjustable backrests, a 60/40 split folding three seat second row bench, easy access through the large gull wing doors and cargo door and exceptional leg, shoulder and head room. Luxury features abound throughout, including premium interiors in several styles, colors and materials, LED interior lighting and many optional features, such as removable right-hand control stick, oxygen system, electric air conditioning, TKS de-icing system, Garmin GCU 476 keypad or a built-in tablet mount.

Source: diamondaircraft.com

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Gulfstream built more than 600 G550s since the model’s first announcement 20 years ago. Pixabay

Mark Burns said “The G550 set the standard for subsequent aircraft and the industry.” That’s not simply Burns’ opinion as Gulfstream’s president. The popular G550 in 2003 earned the aircraft’s development team the coveted Robert J. Collier Trophy, awarded annually “for the greatest achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in America, with respect to improving the performance, efficiency, and safety of air or space vehicles, the value of which has been thoroughly demonstrated by actual use during the preceding year.”

The aerospace giant last week announced it had sold the final position of the G550 aircraft that’s slated for delivery in 2021. Gulfstream has to date delivered more than 600 copies of the aircraft. First announced in 2000, the G550 entered service in 2003 as the launch platform for the transformational Gulfstream PlaneView flight deck. Its range and high-altitude capabilities earned the aircraft more than 55 speed records. The G550 is capable of cruise speeds of Mach 0.90.

Burns was quick to point out that, “While manufacturing of the G550 will end, our industry-leading support of the aircraft will continue. With more than 30 company-owned and factory-authorized service centers on five continents as well as the ability to produce and procure parts, we are well-prepared to continue offering G550 owners the highest level of support.”

Source: flyingmag.com

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